Episode 1 – Phenotyping with Kim Miles – December 5, 2017 at 9:00 p.m. EST

Join Wolfdog Radio for a replay of our first and one of our favorite episodes that is definitely worth hearing again!   Listen to Ms. Miles describe the “Constellation of Findings” that makes up our Wolfdogs!




Here is a phenotype breakdown (via several pictures [even more then what’s posted here] and 2 videos) done by Kim Miles.

This is an incredible phenotyping example. However, after she finished her pheno on Wilber, Kim was told what Wilbur was on paper (74% F3) and she stated that not all phenotypes will be quite as good as Wilbur’s, but can come pretty close. But she was spot on with Wilbur!


Height: 30” & Weight: ~85 lbs.
Birth: 10 April 2012.

Head/Skull: Nice wedge-shaped head, indicating wolf. However, cheekbones are a bit more prominent than a wolf, indicating dog inheritance. Dome of the skull is a bit broad, broader than a wolf, in relation to the rest of the skull. This indicates dog inheritance.

Eyes: Does not have the orbital angle of a wolf, indicating dog inheritance. Color is nice. (Black eyeliner thing that people say today is not something I take into consideration or even mention as it’s largely irrelevant when looking at the animal holistically; so many other things are so much more important, in particular the orbital angle, which is dictated by skull shape.)

Ears: Ears are nice and pretty well-furred in winter, indicating wolf inheritance. They appear to be neither too large nor too small in relation to the size of the skull. However, they appear to be offset (in placement) a bit more than would be consistent with a wolf, indicating dog inheritance.

Stop: Minimal stop, consistent with wolf inheritance. You can see the minimal orbital angle in profile, (which again indicates that the skull is a bit broad from the eye area back to the sagittal crest).

Elbows: They appear to be tucked nicely under his chest (neither forward of chest nor to the side of chest), but are not as deeply tucked under as a wolf, indicating both wolf and dog inheritance.

Chest: Nice chest with fairly deep chest cavity, consistent with wolf.

Paws/Toes: Somewhat to fairly pronounced toes and larger feet, indicating wolf inheritance, but neither the toe height nor the foot size are consistent with wolf, indicating some dog inheritance as well. Nails appear to be uniformly black.

Tail: His tail is interesting. First, it appears to come off the rump a little higher than a wolf’s, indicating dog inheritance. In the video, he carried his tail more like a dog when he was bristling. In a wolf that was confidently running a fence line and bristling, the tail would typically have an S curve to a certain extent; it would rise high off the base, with a hump about the first third of the way down, and then dip down, and then come back up but the whole length of the tail would be angled back away from the body. In a less threatening position/demeanor the tail would be up but not curled over the back as much his was. So his tail positioning and the position as it exits the rump indicate some dog inheritance.

Tail length is nice—neither too long nor too short. (Some view the black tip on the tail as being the primary indicator of wolf; I don’t. I’ve seen HCs and wolves with white tipped tails, so people put way too much importance on the tip of the tail, IMO—kind of like the eyeliner thing.)

Pelage (Hairy, woolly, or furry coat of a mammal, distinguished from the underlying bare skin): His coat color is nice, indicating wolf inheritance, for the most part. There is something off about his coat color, specifically around his head, that indicates the dog inheritance. The way he sheds is consistent with a wolf and wd. His summer coat lacks some of the very long guard hairs that a wolf would retain during summer when they hit their scraggly bald looks, indicating his dog inheritance. Nice winter coat, but not as dense as typical wolf—however, if he lives in an area that doesn’t see the heavy colds of typical wolf environments (e.g., Miami), this also factors in. If the temperatures have dipped down into the 30s and 20s consistently over the winter, then his winter coat is influenced by dog inheritance.

Legs: Nice long legs in relation to his body. Neither too long nor too short. Nice cow hock rear legs, consistent with wolf inheritance. Leg shape is consistent with wolf (no pole or pillar shape, but nicely defined).


I would say he is a very nice mid-content, likely on the upper end of mid. For me, the upper end of mid is in the upper 70% range to lower 80% range. I clarify this because it seems everyone has a different idea of what content and percentage should be (or even IF they should be). I think he is in the upper 70% range based upon his pictures and videos, to be specific. If his siblings phenotyped higher or lower, I’d shift his content up or down accordingly. That also will factor, just as parents would factor. This (for everyone here) is an example of a pheno that I’d do if I was asked by a court, AC, FWC, or just an individual.

FOR MORE INFORMATION:   NLA-National Lupine Association

2 thoughts on “Episode 1 – Phenotyping with Kim Miles – December 5, 2017 at 9:00 p.m. EST

    1. DNA testing from a number of companies is available. UC Davis, Embark, Wisdom Panel and Northeast Wilflife DNA Laboratory do such testing.


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